How can a business make a profit using technology obtained under a BiOS agreement?
No BiOS-compatible agreement constrains the parties from using information that is learned or developed under the agreement to patent improvements or products. However, they must agree not to prevent anyone else who's agreed to the same terms from using the same information.
Therefore, an important distinction of BiOS-compatible licenses is that licensees cannot constrain other licensees from using the same information, which they may be able to use to do something potentially quite different. Some of the world's most profitable companies have learned that they can make profits not by squeezing out the competition by taking out contracts of exclusivity (patents and licenses), but by developing products and services that are the best in their field.
As companies such as IBM, Google and Apache have shown with products and services derived from the open source movement in software, making money is definitely possible using the business models that can evolve from this initiative. Hopefully many small-to-medium enterprises can spring up and start creating value and sharing that value. Many of these can, and we hope, will, be in countries and regions that are economically disadvantaged. Even large companies, if they embrace a very different business model, can make serious money - probably more than current earnings - by decreasing costs of accessing technology, litigation and developing early-stage innovation. Mostly, we hope the ultimate 'beneficiaries' of these models will allow farmers to make better money than current models. When farmers (non-subsidized in the real world) make money, they almost always re-invest it in their land and communities. This is good policy and good business. This is what we want to see; productive, sustainably prosperous agriculture and industries.